SAT 6 - 3 - 2021
Date: Sep 3, 2019
Source: The Daily Star
Coalition ‘unaware’ of prisoners at Yemen site
Agence France Presse
RIYADH: The Arab coalition fighting Yemen’s Houthi rebels said Monday it was unaware that prisoners were held at a detention site it targeted with airstrikes that killed dozens of people. The United Nations and the International Committee of the Red Cross have condemned the attack on a former college in the city of Dhamar that the Houthis used to hold their opponents.

The coalition’s spokesperson Turki al-Maliki reiterated its insistence that the Houthis used the building to store drones and air defense systems.

“The [facility] was not on the ‘no strike list’ of sites in the city of Dhamar,” he told a news conference in Riyadh. “Some reports have quoted the ICRC as saying it has gone to the site a number of times. The coalition has never been informed ... about the location.

“The Houthis bear full responsibility for making this a location for Yemeni citizens who have been forcibly disappeared.”

The ICRC, which rushed to the scene with medical teams and body bags, said that every detainee in the building was killed or wounded when the multistory facility crumbled, and that the toll could rise as high as 130.

“The facility held around 170 detainees. Forty of those detainees were being treated for injuries; the rest are presumed killed, though no toll has been confirmed,” it said in a statement. The ICRC said it had visited the detention center in the past as part of its regular work as a neutral inspector in war zones.

“Witnessing this massive damage, seeing the bodies lying among the rubble was a real shock. Anger and sadness were natural reactions,” Franz Rauchenstein, its head of delegation for Yemen, said in a statement. “People who are not taking active part in combat should not die in such a way,” he said after traveling to the attack site.Casualties ‘staggering’ The coalition intervened in 2015 to support the government after the Iran-backed Houthis swept out of their northern stronghold to seize Sanaa and much of Yemen, the Arab world’s poorest nation.

Fighting since then has already claimed tens of thousands of lives and sparked what the United Nations calls the world’s worst humanitarian crisis.

Footage obtained by AFP showed heavy damage to the building and several bodies lying in the rubble, as bulldozers worked to clear away huge piles of debris.

The U.N.’s humanitarian coordinator in Yemen has called Sunday’s airstrike “horrific” and said aid groups had been forced to divert critical medical supplies, intended for treating a cholera outbreak, to Dhamar hospitals.

“We have no choice,” Lise Grande said. “The scale of the casualties is staggering.”

Both sides in Yemen’s conflict stand accused of actions that could amount to war crimes.

The coalition has been blacklisted by the U.N. for the killing of children, while Saudi Arabia and its allies accuse the Houthis of using civilians as human shields in densely populated areas.

‘Double-tap’ attacksInvestigative website Bellingcat released a report Monday that accused the coalition of launching “double-tap” attacks in Yemen, in which one strike is followed by a second that kills those who gather in the aftermath, and who are often civilians and rescuers.

“Bellingcat’s open-source investigations highlight a destructive pattern of attacks on densely populated markets, prisons, weddings and funerals in Yemen, leaving little to no accountability or acknowledgement in their wake,” it said.

It said that from its probe into a cluster of 20 incidents, it found that eight were on markets and that seven of those occurred during the day when they were most likely to be crowded. “Researchers were unable to identify military targets in many of the strikes investigated in this cluster, calling into question the legitimacy of the attacks,” it said.

The attack in Dhamar came weeks after a new front opened in Yemen’s complex war, pitting two of Riyadh’s allies against each other in a struggle for control of the south.

The UAE, a key member of the coalition backing the Yemeni government, has also trained and supported secessionists who seek an independent southern Yemen.

The southern forces last month seized control of the interim capital Aden in the south, in a seesawing battle with government troops that has drawn warnings that the country could break apart entirely.

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