THU 2 - 7 - 2020
Date: Dec 21, 2019
Source: The Daily Star

Folder: Elections
Iraq's top Shiite cleric urges elections to end crisis
Deadlock delays choice of new Iraq PM
Agence France Presse
KARBALA, Iraq: Iraq's top Shiite cleric Grand Ayatollah Ali Sistani called Friday for early elections to end a political stalemate that has gripped the protest-hit country for months.

"The quickest and most peaceful way out of the current crisis and to avoid plunging into the unknown, chaos or internal strife... is to rely on the people by holding early elections," said a representative of Sistani, who never appears in public.

The revered 89-year-old cleric urged lawmakers to "form a new government as soon as possible" which should then speedily pave the way for new, free and fair elections, according to his representative, Abdel Mahdi al-Karbalai.

Iraq has been rocked by two months of anti-government protests, the worst wave of unrest since a US-led invasion ended the reign of dictator Saddam Hussein in 2003.

The demonstrators, many of whom came of age after Saddam's death, have condemned the government for being inept, corrupt and beholden to powerful neighbour Iran and demanded the ouster of the entire political class.

About 460 people have been killed and 25,000 wounded in street violence in Baghdad and across the Shiite-majority south.

The latest victim was activist Ali al-Othmi, 26, who was gunned down by masked men on Friday afternoon in the southern city of Nasiriyah, security sources said.

Former premier Adel Abdel Mahdi quit in November in the face of the mass protests and after a sharp spike in deadly violence, and the deeply divided parliament has since struggled to find a replacement.

Sistani, who is said to have made and undone all Iraqi prime ministers since 2003, has been keeping his distance from the politicians who have been booed by protesters since the start of October.

- Inner circle -

Parliament had been due to propose a new candidate by the end of Thursday.

But with deep divisions remaining, authorities agreed to push the deadline back to Sunday, a source within the presidency said.

In Baghdad's Tahrir Square, hub of the protest movement, demonstrators have put up large-format portraits of the official candidates with their faces crossed out in red.

"They can keep pushing the deadline back by one day, two days, even a year -- we're still on the streets. It hurts them more than it hurts us," said Ghassan, a 35-year-old protester.

Talks have continued between parliamentary group leaders, party bosses and Iranian and UN envoys.

Outgoing higher education minister Qusay al-Suhail has for several weeks been presented by officials as the candidate of Iran.

A former key member of Shiite cleric Moqtada Sadr's movement, Suhail rejoined the State of Law Alliance of former premier Nuri al-Maliki, who is close to Iran and an enemy of Sadr.

Other names are circulating, all of them former ministers or officials from the inner circle who are likely to be rejected on principle in the streets.

- 'Last minute' -

Once a name is proposed, lawmakers can submit it to President Barham Saleh for a vote in the 329-member parliament.

If that person fails to gain a majority, Saleh has the right to put forward his own candidate.

If parliament rejects that candidate, the constitution stipulates that Saleh would become the de facto head of the outgoing cabinet for 15 days.

Saleh is betting on "a last-minute decision," an official told AFP, on condition of anonymity.

If no party's candidate obtains a majority, the official said, the president intends to propose intelligence chief Mustafa al-Kazimi, who is seen to have US backing.

Angered by chronic youth unemployment, the young demonstrators have rallied against the entire political establishment and its institutions, especially the parliament headed by speaker Mohammed al-Halbusi.

On Friday they chanted: "Barham Saleh, Mohammed al-Halbusi, your turn has come" to resign.

Deadlock delays choice of new Iraq PM

Reuters, Dec. 20, 2019
BAGHDAD: Iraqi lawmakers said Thursday that deadlock in Parliament was holding up the selection of an interim prime minister, meaning leaders missed a deadline to name a replacement for Adel Abdul Mahdi and prolong nationwide unrest.

More than 450 people, mostly unarmed demonstrators but also some members of the security forces, have been killed since a wave of popular unrest began on Oct. 1. Protesters, most of them young, are demanding an overhaul of a political system they see as profoundly corrupt and keeping most Iraqis in poverty.

The protests have shaken the country out of two years of relative calm following the defeat of Islamic State insurgents.

Infighting between political parties clinging onto power has fueled the crisis and threatens to cause more unrest as protesters lose patience.

Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi resigned last month under pressure from the streets but has remained in office in a caretaker capacity. The constitutional deadline to name a replacement expired Thursday.

“Until this moment no candidate has been agreed on by the political parties. We have multiple nominees but their partisan affiliations prevent them from having the job,” said Shiite lawmaker Naeem al-Abboudi.

Two blocs of political parties, one backed by Iran and the other populist and anti-Iranian, are closely involved in backroom deals to agree on a candidate before Salih presents them.President Barham Salih this week asked the largest bloc in Parliament to nominate a new premier to form a government. The two main blocs dispute who has the most seats because this was never made clear in the current parliament, and some lawmakers have frequently switched allegiance.

Lawmakers and politicians said Salih could now delay the nomination to Dec. 22, based on a federal court ruling allowing national holidays to be excluded from the run-up to the constitutional deadline.

That would create breathing space for the political factions to strike a deal, with Abdul Mahdi remaining as caretaker premier until then, legal expert Tareq Harb said. But any agreement on thorny political issues looks unlikely.

The house failed Wednesday to pass a new electoral law, a key demand of protesters, which would make elections fairer after each round in recent years has been marred by allegations of fraud.

Protesters demand a new electoral law and committee, but also the removal of the entire political class, and a prime minister with no party affiliation.

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