|Date: Sep 12, 2018|
|Source: The Daily Star|
|Reopened Iraqi railway a sign of progress|
|Sarah Benhaida| Agence France Presse|
FALLUJAH, Iraq: The newly revived railway between Baghdad and Fallujah snakes across the western Iraqi desert, through a landscape of burned-out tanks, abandoned cars and collapsed buildings. For the last month, Capt. Imad Hassoun has taken pride in once again driving the route between the capital and the former Daesh (ISIS) stronghold in Fallujah.
“I didn’t think that a train would come back here again,” said Hassoun, who has been a driver for 30 years, but had until recently been redeployed elsewhere.
While government forces expelled Daesh from Fallujah in 2016, the line still bears the scars of the group’s two-year occupation of the city and its environs, including mines it planted along the tracks.
Before the militants’ rise, Hassoun and his co-driver steered the Baghdad-Fallujah route during some of the most turbulent times in Iraq’s history.
They had even kept trains running during much of the combat between American forces and Sunni militias in the mid 2000s, and the sectarian clashes that preceded the rise of Daesh.
But while happy to be back on this line, Hassoun – clad in the marine-blue-and-white uniform of Iraq’s railways – proceeds with caution.
So far, he has successfully pushed his new Chinese-built diesel train to 100 kilometers per hour.
But he dare not go faster, as the rails have only just been brought back into basic working service by a team of dedicated employees.
‘People laughed’“When we started the work, people mocked us,” said Youssef Thabet, the chief railroad engineer in Fallujah. “But as soon as the first convoy entered the station, people were forced to believe it – and now they demand more trains.”
There remains much work to do.
Fallujah’s old station is still in ruins, replaced for now by a prefabricated structure and plastic chairs.
But for passengers, the revitalized line is a vital link to the capital and the only alternative to polluted and gridlocked roads.
Road travel is frequently made even less appealing by security personnel forcing traffic into unexplained detours.
For years, medical student Ali Ahmad took the minibus every week to a university campus in Baghdad.
Now in his final year, he finds taking the train aids his study.
“I revise in an air-conditioned carriage for an hour and a half, without being plagued by cigarette smoke,” he said.
In the cafe car, a screen displays the outside temperature at 43 degrees Celsius, and the train’s speed at 91 kilometers per hour.
On the journey back from Baghdad, 28-year-old Sinan Majid has his hands full of boxes.
He bought clothes to stock his shop in Fallujah.
“With the train, we know the time of travel. And there is no delay,” Majid told AFP, sitting at a table with friends.
For Lamia Ahmad too, the train’s return is a godsend.
The 39-year-old primary school teacher can rely on it to get her to Baghdad for administrative tasks, without worrying that offices will close before she arrives.
And above all, enthused Omar Khalil, a 38-year-old hairdresser who has come to Baghdad to buy parts for his car, a ticket costs 2,000 dinars (less than $2).
“A minibus ticket costs 3,500 dinars and a [shared] taxi up to 10,000,” he added, lounging in one of the train’s red seats.‘Ninety-percent
damaged’The train leaves Fallujah every day at 6:45 a.m. to travel the 65 kilometers to the capital, before returning at 3 p.m., a time judged to best suit civil servants and students.
“An average of 250 travelers make the return journey each day,” said Abdel-Mutalleb Saleh, transport manager for Anbar province.
Iraq has 2,000 kilometers of railways and its network was connected to Istanbul in 1940.
The country plans a major revival of its network.
For now, the line between Baghdad and Akashat on the Syrian border only works as far as Fallujah, said Taleb Jawad Kazem, deputy director-general of Iraq’s railways.
But the lines to Basra at the southern tip of the country, and to the Shiite holy city of Karbala in central Iraq, never stopped operating.
And work is currently underway to reopen the links to Beiji, Tikrit and Samarra to the north of Baghdad, Kazem added.
In 2016, Iraq spent $137 million on 12 new trains from China.
But there is a long way to go before the network can host the 72 daily train journeys that were made in the heyday of Iraq’s railways, before the U.N. slapped sanctions on the country in the 1990s.
Enormous work will be required to ensure trains once again reach Syria – or even Mosul, Iraq’s second city and another former stronghold of Daesh.
“The rails, stations, equipment, bridges and tunnels have sustained damage of more than 90 percent” in areas where the extremists operated, Kazem told AFP.
And on the rehabilitated routes, another danger lurks – demoralized children from slums built close to the tracks. As each train passes, small groups of boys throw stones, chipping the windows.
A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on September 11, 2018, on page 6.