FRI 19 - 4 - 2019
Date: Sep 3, 2018
Source: The Daily Star
Yemen foes to hold peace talks, but not face-to-face
Agence France Presse
ADEN: Yemen’s warring parties will not meet directly at U.N.-brokered peace talks in Geneva this week, likely to focus on a prisoner exchange deal and the fate of a key port, government officials said Sunday. The United Nations has invited Yemen’s government and the Iran-backed Houthi rebels to Geneva for talks which open Thursday.

Both parties have confirmed they are sending high-level delegations to the talks, but officials say expectations of a breakthrough are low.

U.N. envoy Martin Griffiths has said the talks are aimed at charting a path forward to revive U.N.-backed negotiations which broke down in 2016.

The Yemeni government says the meetings will likely focus on a prisoner exchange deal and the fate of embattled Hudaida, the rebel-held port city that is now the frontline of the Yemen war.

Yemen’s Foreign Minister Khaled al-Yamani told AFP the meetings “will not be face-to-face and depend on how well the U.N. envoy manages the two sides.”

“The consultations will be indirect, unless there is some progress that can be made directly,” said Abdullah al-Olaimi, head of Yemen’s presidential office and a member of the Geneva delegation.

Prisoner swap dealYemen’s government has openly said it has low expectations for the talks, blaming the Houthis for refusing to make concessions.

“Our expectations are limited to the possibility of progress in the question of prisoners and detainees,” Yamani said.

“I think this is the chance to succeed in securing the release of prisoners, and I believe the other party is also willing and ready.”

The United States, a major ally of Saudi Arabia, said it “fully supported” Griffiths’ efforts Sunday.

“It is imperative that all parties work toward a comprehensive political solution to avoid further harm to the Yemeni people,” state department spokesperson Heather Nauert said.

The U.N. has set a low bar for the talks – the first since 106 days of negotiations in Kuwait failed to yield an agreement between the government and rebels in 2016.

“The aim of this first round of consultations is to better understand how committed both parties are to the framework for formal negotiations ... and to come to some conclusions about how those negotiations may start,” U.N. spokesman Stephane Dujarric said.

In July, the Yemeni government demanded the release of all prisoners held by the Houthis as a condition for the start of peace talks.

Speaking on condition of anonymity, a government source said the delegation would demand the release of 5,000 prisoners while the rebels were hoping for the liberation of 3,000 of their fighters.

Rights group Amnesty International in July said it feared violations in a string of Yemeni prisons could amount to war crimes. The prisons, according to Amnesty, are run by the UAE, the Yemeni government’s most powerful partner on the ground.

The UAE has denied involvement in any prisons in Yemen.

Fiscal fightThe Geneva talks will also look at the economy in Yemen, long the Arab world’s most impoverished country. In 2014, the Iran-backed Houthis overran the capital, driving out the government of President Abed Rabbou Mansour Hadi and setting up a parallel government in Sanaa.

The rebels, however, have been unable to pay the salaries of many civil servants for months, according to reports from the capital.

Yamani said the government could step in to help pay the overdue salaries, a move likely aimed at strengthening the state’s grip on the national economy and boosting its standing in rebel-held areas.

The foreign minister accused the Houthis of failing to turn in their revenues, which he estimated at 45 billion riyals ($113 million), to help bolster Yemen’s economy.

Backed by Saudi Arabia and its allies, Hadi’s government has battled the Houthis for more than three years in what is widely seen as a proxy war between Riyadh and Tehran.

The conflict has killed more than 10,000 people since 2015 and triggered what the U.N. calls the world’s worst humanitarian crisis.

Government forces backed by the Arab coalition in June launched a major offensive to capture Hudaida from the Houthi rebels, sparking fears of a fresh humanitarian crisis.

Hudaida is home to Yemen’s vital port on the Red Sea. Controlled by the rebels, the city is under blockade by the Arab coalition, which has allowed the delivery of humanitarian aid in recent weeks.

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