SAT 8 - 8 - 2020
Date: Jul 22, 2019
Source: The Daily Star
Militants bomb, derail Syria phosphate train
DAMASCUS/KHAN SHEIKHOUN: Syria’s Transport Ministry said a train carrying phosphate derailed and caught fire Sunday after getting hit by explosives planted on the tracks by militants in the country’s center.

The attack came as the bombing of the last rebel stronghold in the country has killed at least 11 civilians.

The government-owned train was transporting phosphate from mines in Khunayfis in Homs province, and the ministry said technical teams were working to repair the railway and restore traffic.

Last week, militants also targeted a gas pipeline in Homs province.

A Russian company controlled by a childhood friend of President Vladimir Putin has secured a 50-year concession from the Syrian government for most of the output of the major phosphate field in Homs after the mines were liberated from Daesh (ISIS) in 2017. The same company has an agreement with the Syrian government to rebuild the country’s only fertilizer plant and develop one of its main ports.

Russia is a main backer of President Bashar Assad’s forces in the Syria’s civil war, now in its ninth year.

Before the war, Syria was one of the world’s top exporters of phosphate. Daesh (ISIS) militants held territory in central Homs and gained control of the phosphate mines in 2015.

Despite the territorial defeat, Daesh militants remain holed up in parts of central Syria, where they have increased their attacks against government troops. While the government now controls over 60 percent of Syria, there is still a rebel stronghold in the northwest, where the government is waging a limited but stalled offensive.

Smaller armed groups in northern, central and eastern Syria have vowed to target government and Kurdish-controlled facilities.

In northwestern Syria, where the nearly four-month-old offensive continues, first responders and activists said government bombing of the last major rebel area killed at least 11 civilians Sunday.

The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said six people were killed, including a child, in the bombing of the village of Urum al-Joz in southern Idlib province. The opposition-operated Shaam news agency said those killed had previously been displaced from the southern tip of the rebel stronghold.

Rescue workers, known as Syria’s Civil Defense or White Helmets, said three children and a woman were killed in Kafarrouma, south of Urum al-Joz. A White Helmet volunteer was killed in the town of Khan Sheikhoun, the group said.

Anas al-Dyab, a photographer and videographer in his early 20s, also contributed to AFP.Rescuers and the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said Dyab was killed in Russian airstrikes.

The White Helmets, rescue workers in rebel areas named after their distinctive hard hats, said the group “mourns the fall of a hero Anas al-Dyab, a volunteer and media activist with the Syrian Civil Defence Centre in Idlib,” in a Twitter post.

The offensive began in late April, displacing more than 300,000 people.

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